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Faenza (?) Vase

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Faenza (?) Vase

Postby NidgeC » December 26th, 2012, 1:44 pm

I recently acquired a vase that I had initially thought to have been manufactured in England sometime around the turn of the 20th century. The design on the vase is similar to the English Aesthetic style of that period (William de Morgan, William Morris, Della Robbia).

The vase has been converted to a lamp some time ago and, on removing the lamp fittings, I discovered that the vase has a makers mark to the base which would indicate that it was made in Italy. Unfortunately a hole was created in the base of the vase, when it was converted, to accept the lamp fittings and only part of the makers mark is legible.

Inside a star of david mark to the base is the letter F.
Beneath the star of david are the first letters of a word - FA - and then the hole.
Beneath the letters FA are the first letters of a word - MAD-, then the hole and then the last letters of a word -L(?)Y.

The design is strong and the painting is very accomplished, the colours are green and white.

After carrying out a little research, and having fortunately come across your website, I am of the opinion that my vase may be an example of Italian Faenza; one of the reference books indicates that the star of david may be the mark for Doccia although I have not found any reference to a star of david enclosing a letter F. The FA suggests to me the first letters of FAENZA.

Item 60 (the central vase of the first item on page 6) of The Matassoni Collection has a very similar bird design to the one on my vase and I suspect that the colours of the two vases are the same (when allowance is made for the differences in digital image capture and processing).

I would be interested in identifying the manufacturer/maker of this stylish piece.

Rather than overload the website I have put one image on show here and pasted links to further images at my photobucket account.

Thanking you in advance.

Image
http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee20 ... F6454a.jpg
http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee20 ... F6453a.jpg
http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee20 ... F6452a.jpg
http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee20 ... F6455a.jpg
http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee20 ... F6456a.jpg
http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee20 ... F6459a.jpg
http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee20 ... F6460a.jpg
http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee20 ... F6461a.jpg
http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee20 ... F6462b.jpg
http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee20 ... F6474a.jpg
http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee20 ... F6471a.jpg
http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee20 ... F6470a.jpg
http://i229.photobucket.com/albums/ee20 ... F6441a.jpg
NidgeC
 
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Re: Faenza (?) Vase

Postby Silver » December 26th, 2012, 4:30 pm

This vase was made in faenza from 1914 to 1944, from a factory, that change a loto of name, "Industrie Riunite Faentine" "antica fabbrica Farina" ecc. but the signature remain the same.
Silver
 
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Location: Bologna, Italy

Re: Faenza (?) Vase

Postby NidgeC » December 26th, 2012, 6:26 pm

Thank you for the post, silver, you have saved me a lot of time. I like the design and colours of this vase/lamp. My first piece of faenza and I now know which factory made it. I wonder if there are many similar pieces.
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Re: Faenza (?) Vase

Postby NidgeC » December 27th, 2012, 5:43 am

Is it going to be possible to put a name to the maker at the factory?
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Re: Faenza (?) Vase

Postby wdel » December 27th, 2012, 7:51 am

No, the name of the individual who decorated your vase is lost in time. As Silver pointed out this vase was produced at a factory. not a studio. In the first half of the 20th century a ceramics factory consisted of specialists. The clay maker and his assistance refined the raw clay from nearby pits and riverbanks. The Kiln Master was responsible for ensuring a constant temperature for the proper length of time. Factories also employed sculptors, mold-makers, glaze masters and others. The largest segment of employees, both male and female, were the decorators. While a percentage of the decorators were schooled in the arts and exhibited a great talent the majority of the decorators were local residents trained at the factories and their abilities varied greatly. The decorators usually spent only a few minutes on each piece as production quantities had to be met (they were not trying to create masterpieces). In some cases we have factory records containing the names of the decorators employed but since individual pieces were not signed we can't attribute these items to specific decorators. Artist's Studios are, of course, a different matter.
If you found yourself attracted to this particular vase because of design and color you should begin studying the ceramics from the city of Orvieto. Had your vase had no marking I would have thought that the vase was made there. Orvieto has been known for its green and brown pottery since medieval times and your vase reflects that specific style.
Walter Del Pellegrino
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Re: Faenza (?) Vase

Postby Silver » December 27th, 2012, 7:55 am

Silver
 
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Re: Faenza (?) Vase

Postby Silver » December 27th, 2012, 8:00 am

Walter find the problem, in this factory there was many employeed, you can find only the art director name:

Here a translation about the story :

In 1914, the factory closes again and is recognized by the company "Monari Vitolo and C." which is once again changing the header in "Industrie Riunite Faenza" and that during the war becomes "Manufacturing Ceramics Monari Vitolo and C."
The art direction is entrusted to Vincenzo Savini, shortly after replaced by Aldo Zama, and is resurrected the old mark of manufacture "meal" consisting of two triangles crossed with an F in the center.
In 1925 Zama leaves his position to start his own business and is replaced by John Pretolani, former official of the factory since 1919.
Not more profitable factory was gradually abandoned the property and in 1926 the bank owns the property leases the building to three employees: Amedeo Meinardi, Marcello Zanetti and Roberto Mazza which again change the name of the company calling it "Faenza Ceramics Manufacturing "and then" Old Factory A. Farina. "
Between various economic and financial vicissitudes factory remains active until 1944 when it was destroyed by bombing.
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Re: Faenza (?) Vase

Postby NidgeC » December 27th, 2012, 9:24 am

Thank you for the information, Silver, it's much appreciated.

I was typing my reply to Walter's post so I missed your post at the time that you sent it.
Identifying the designer is going to prove very difficult, I think, unless I find a similar piece that has a positive attribution.

I shall put a lampshade on it and enjoy it for what it is.

Best Regards,
NidgeC.
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Re: Faenza (?) Vase

Postby NidgeC » December 30th, 2012, 4:18 pm

The following website has some interesting pieces.
http://www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/explore ... 100&from=0
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